Kansas WW1

Commemorating the First World War Centennial in Kansas

Category: Research & Histories (page 2 of 57)

The Liberty Bonds

Shortly after declaring war in 1917, the Wilson Administration was faced with the reality of having to pay for the massive military build-up required. Tax increases and monetary expansion were ruled out, leaving only borrowing as an option.

  • On April 24th, 1917, the Emergency Loan Act authorized $5 billion. $1.9 billion in bonds were issued at 3.5%, 30 years maturity, callable at 15. Interest on up to $30,000 in bonds held was tax exempt.
  • On October 1st, 1917 the Second Liberty Loan Act authorized up to $15 billion. $3.8 billion in bonds were issued at 4%, 25 years maturity, callable at 10.
  • On April 5th, 1918 the Third Liberty Loan Act authorized $3 billion. $4.1 billion in bonds were issued at 4.15%, 10 year maturity. Limited to $45,000 per person.
  • On September 28th, 1918 the Fourth Liberty Loan Act authorized $6 billion. $6.9 billion in bonds were issued at 4.25%, 20 year maturity, callable at 15. These were redeemable in gold.
  • On April 21st, 1919 the Victory Loan Act authorized $4.5 billion at 4.75% four years maturity callable at three. These were redeemable in gold and tax-exempt.

All of the bonds were sold directly to the public by banks. In order to stimulate sales Bond Rallies were held, featuring parades, speeches and free performances by movie stars. The Four Minute Man campaign featured short speeches in public assemblies where prominent local persons urged the purchase of bonds. There was an installment purchase plan whereby persons could buy 25 cent War Savings Stamps and when 200 had been acquired the stamp books could be exchanged for a $50 bond. ...read more

C-SPAN2 & 3, January 26-28

This weekend’s WWI viewing on the C-SPAN networks. As usual, all times are Central.

C-SPAN2

Garrett Peck:  The Great War in America. Airs Saturday morning, January 26th at 7:00 a.m.

C-SPAN3

World War I Fighter Pilot Culture. Airs Sunday morning, January 27th at 6:05 a.m. ...read more

WW1 Tanks You Can See

WW1 Tank Facts

This table lists data about the four most common tanks used by both sides in WW1. You can read more about the FT-17 here.

The entry ‘Marks’ encompasses all the British Heavy Tanks, variously designated as Mark I,II,III, IV and V.

Whippet tank Royal Military Museum, Brussels

The largest number of surviving examples are at The Tank Museum in Bovington, Dorset U.K. There are eight FT-17’s, one Mark IV, one Mark V and one Whippet on display in the U.S. ...read more

Library of Congress Exhibit is online.

Echoes of the Great War – American Experiences of World War I is an outstanding exhibit at the Library of Congress. It has been running since April 4th, 2017 and is closing on Monday. However, you can visit it online.

The Annals of Kansas, #57

100 years ago in Kansas, February, 1919.

February 4, 1919.

-Lt. George S. Robb, Salina, was awarded the Congressional (sic) Medal of Honor for action in France, September 29-30, 1918.  The official citation read:  “He held his position on the front line all night though severely wounded twice, and although wounded twice again the following day, assumed command when his captain and company officers were killed, and by flanking the town of Sechault with machine guns, aided his battalion in holding it.” ...read more

How Many Countries?

A good starting point is to list all of the nations that were represented at the peace conference in 1919.

These were 32 allied and associated powers, either as voting members or as observers. This number consisted of:

  • The thirty sovereign nations that declared war (see list to follow),
  • Less Montenegro, which was included in the 1919 Jugo-Slav state along with Bosnia, Croatia and Slovenia,
  • Less Newfoundland and
  • Including Czechoslovakia, the Arab state of Hedja, Poland and the 1919 Jugo-Slav state.

The five defeated nations were also allowed to be represented but were excluded from all of the deliberations. ...read more

Another December 7th event

In my December 20th post I featured the one and only observance of “Britain’s Day”. However, December 7th, 1917 was noteworthy as well.

“[The President] shall from time to time give to Congress information of the State of the Union and recommend to their Consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.” ...read more

A German Christmas Card 1914

My German isn’t very good but here’s my translation. 

In the upper left hand corner: “Christmas Eve in the trenches”.

Below the picture: “To our brave soldiers in enemy territory heartfelt Christmas greetings and God’s protection and blessing in the New Year”. ...read more

C-SPAN2 & 3, December 28 -29

Due to the holidays we’re giving you an early heads up on C-SPAN’s World War I programming.  Everything appears to be talks that have aired before, but this coming weekend includes all talks from the symposium held at the National World War I Museum and Memorial in early November. ...read more

The 353rd ‘All Kansas’ Infantry at Meuse Argonne – Furlong

Harold A.  Furlong(1895 – 1987) was a native of Pontiac, Michigan. He completed the mandatory officer training course while a student at the Michigan Agricultural College (now Michigan State University) and was commissioned as a 2nd  Lieutenant in 1917. He was then assigned to the 353rd ‘All Kansas’Infantry regiment, which was forming at Camp Funston, KS. Like his fellow 353rd officer and Congressional Medal of Honor recipient J. Hunter Wickersham, Harold Furlong should qualify as an honorary Kansan. ...read more

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