Kansas WW1

Commemorating the First World War Centennial in Kansas

Author: James Patton (page 2 of 24)

A future President remembers Versailles

Herbert Hoover (1874 – 1964), who was later to be the 31st President of the United States, was invited to the 1919 Versailles Peace Conference to be an adviser to President Woodrow Wilson. At the time Hoover was the head of the American Relief Administration, providing food and medical assistance to European countries excepting the former Central Powers, since a state of war still existed. Although not a delegate, Hoover was closely involved in the discussions and deliberations. In 1958 he wrote of his experience and you can read about it here . ...read more

Pershing Park Memorial Update

At the February 7th meeting of The National Capitol Planning Commission, preliminary approval was given for the current design for this project. Final approval is expected in about three months. The U.S. World War One Centennial Commission still needs to raise about $20 million towards the estimated cost to build. You can learn more at this link. ...read more

Phonetic Alphabets

US Army Model A telephone

In the Great War, the unprecedented and widespread use of telephones and rudimentary radio telephone transmitters for command and control brought forth the problem of misunderstanding what the person on the other end was trying to yell into his primitive device, especially during the noise and confusion of combat, and thus led to the practice of spelling out words and substituting codes for letters of the alphabet. This continues to the present day, although the code set has changed several times, and the current version was first promulgated in 1956. Here’s the 1914-18 table: ...read more

Non-traditional Medicine in the WW1 Era

You know what I’m talking about. Blair has previously posted about a famous Kansas practitioner of the era here (who didn’t go to war), and I recommend reading the article here.

American War Memorials Overseas, Inc.

In previous posts we’ve discussed the American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) (see link here), but there is another organization dedicated to serving the memory of Americans who fought and died in foreign wars.

Founded by Major Lillian A. Pfluke in July 2006, American War Memorials Overseas, Inc. (AWMO) is a private non-profit organized under Sec. 501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code. There are over 1,000 American war memorials and monuments overseas (including the Missouri Memorial depicted above) and nearly 1,000 American war dead buried in cemeteries that are not under the care of the ABMC or the Department of Defense. The AWMO’s mission objectives are these: ...read more

The Liberty Bonds

Shortly after declaring war in 1917, the Wilson Administration was faced with the reality of having to pay for the massive military build-up required. Tax increases and monetary expansion were ruled out, leaving only borrowing as an option.

  • On April 24th, 1917, the Emergency Loan Act authorized $5 billion. $1.9 billion in bonds were issued at 3.5%, 30 years maturity, callable at 15. Interest on up to $30,000 in bonds held was tax exempt.
  • On October 1st, 1917 the Second Liberty Loan Act authorized up to $15 billion. $3.8 billion in bonds were issued at 4%, 25 years maturity, callable at 10.
  • On April 5th, 1918 the Third Liberty Loan Act authorized $3 billion. $4.1 billion in bonds were issued at 4.15%, 10 year maturity. Limited to $45,000 per person.
  • On September 28th, 1918 the Fourth Liberty Loan Act authorized $6 billion. $6.9 billion in bonds were issued at 4.25%, 20 year maturity, callable at 15. These were redeemable in gold.
  • On April 21st, 1919 the Victory Loan Act authorized $4.5 billion at 4.75% four years maturity callable at three. These were redeemable in gold and tax-exempt.

All of the bonds were sold directly to the public by banks. In order to stimulate sales Bond Rallies were held, featuring parades, speeches and free performances by movie stars. The Four Minute Man campaign featured short speeches in public assemblies where prominent local persons urged the purchase of bonds. There was an installment purchase plan whereby persons could buy 25 cent War Savings Stamps and when 200 had been acquired the stamp books could be exchanged for a $50 bond. ...read more

WW1 Tanks You Can See

WW1 Tank Facts

This table lists data about the four most common tanks used by both sides in WW1. You can read more about the FT-17 here.

The entry ‘Marks’ encompasses all the British Heavy Tanks, variously designated as Mark I,II,III, IV and V.

Whippet tank Royal Military Museum, Brussels

The largest number of surviving examples are at The Tank Museum in Bovington, Dorset U.K. There are eight FT-17’s, one Mark IV, one Mark V and one Whippet on display in the U.S. ...read more

Library of Congress Exhibit is online.

Echoes of the Great War – American Experiences of World War I is an outstanding exhibit at the Library of Congress. It has been running since April 4th, 2017 and is closing on Monday. However, you can visit it online.

How Many Countries?

A good starting point is to list all of the nations that were represented at the peace conference in 1919.

These were 32 allied and associated powers, either as voting members or as observers. This number consisted of:

  • The thirty sovereign nations that declared war (see list to follow),
  • Less Montenegro, which was included in the 1919 Jugo-Slav state along with Bosnia, Croatia and Slovenia,
  • Less Newfoundland and
  • Including Czechoslovakia, the Arab state of Hedja, Poland and the 1919 Jugo-Slav state.

The five defeated nations were also allowed to be represented but were excluded from all of the deliberations. ...read more

Another December 7th event

In my December 20th post I featured the one and only observance of “Britain’s Day”. However, December 7th, 1917 was noteworthy as well.

“[The President] shall from time to time give to Congress information of the State of the Union and recommend to their Consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.” ...read more

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